Ag Connection 

Your local link to MU for ag extension and research information


Volume 15, Number 4
April 2009
 

 

This Month in Ag Connection

Publishing Information
Ag Connection is published monthly for Central Missouri Region producers and is supported by University of Missouri Extension, the Commercial Agriculture program, the Missouri Agricultural Experiment Station and the MU College of Agriculture, Food and Natural Resources. Editorial board: Joni Ross, Managing Editor; Mary Sobba, Parman Green, Gene Schmitz, Mark Stewart, Wendy Flatt, Jim Jarman, Todd Lorenz, Wayne Crook, Dee Cooper, James Quinn and Kent Shannon.

MailboxComments or Suggestions?
Please send your comments and suggestions to  Joni Ross, Agronomy Specialist, University of Missouri Extension, 100 E Newton St., 4th Floor, Versailles, MO 65084, call 573/378-5358 or send messages by e-mail to:  rossjo@missouri.edu.

To send a message to an author, click on the author's name at the end of an article.

 


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Taxation Tidbits

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Plan to Minimize Losses from Soybean Disease

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Beef AI Just Got Easier

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2009 Corn Flea Beetle Predictions for Missouri

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Century Farm Applications and NEW Replacement Signs

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Taxation Tidbits

 

The new economic stimulus plan titled - The American Recovery and Reinvestment Act of 2009 (The 2009 Act) contains numerous tax provisions. It is reported that more than 50 major tax provisions have been rolled into The 2009 Act. Following are six major tax provisions that should be of general interest:

 

1) Section 179 capital asset expensing will be maintained at the $250,000 maximum deduction level for 2009. You may recall Section 179 was increased to the $250,000 level last year as part of a 2008 stimulus package. The 2009 Act is simply extending this larger deduction for another year. Remember that qualifying assets for Section 179 can be new or used.

 

2) The 50 percent bonus depreciation on the purchase of new qualifying assets is being extended through December 31, 2009. Bonus depreciation was implemented as part of last year’s 2008 stimulus package. Qualified assets for bonus depreciation are assets that meet the following three tests:

 

· MACRS eligible property with a recovery period of 20 years or less (this includes general-purpose farm 

      buildings).

· Acquired by the taxpayer before 12-31-2009.

· Original use must commence with the taxpayer (i.e., new property).

 

3) This provision will be of interest to those in retirement. The 2009 Act provides for a one-time payment of $250 to individuals on fixed income, such as those receiving social security, railroad pension, veterans disability, or civil service retirement payments.

 

4) Extends and increases the first-time home buyer’s credit. The credit is now a maximum of $8,000 for purchases after   December 31, 2008 through November 30, 2009. Additionally, the repayment plan for the amount of this credit that was part of the 2008 incentive package has been eliminated for homes purchased during 2009.

 

 5)  “Making Work Pay”  This provision allows a credit against income tax on earned income. The credit amount is up to $400 on single returns and $800 on married filing joint returns. The credit is applicable for the entire 2009 year and will be available again in 2010.

 

6)  To jump-start the auto industry, the sixth provision allows a deduction for state and local sales tax paid on the purchase of a new vehicle on or after February 17, 2009. Thisdeduction is allowed regardless of whether you claim the standard deduction or itemize.  However, the deduction is only allowed on the cost of a new vehicle up to the first $49,500 on any one vehicle. Additionally, there is a phase-out of the deduction if you make over $125,000 ($250,000 a joint return). Qualifying new vehicles include automobiles, SUVs, and light trucks weighing less than 8,500 pounds gross vehicle weight.  Qualifying vehicles also include motor homes and motorcycles.                 

        

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These of just a few of the numerous tax provisions, but are provisions of general interest. As a side note, The 2009 Act raises the U.S. debt limit to $12,204,000,000,000. Trillion is a number followed by 12 digits. In the movie Jaws – one of the lines is “I think we need a bigger boat!”  With this new debt limit “I think we need a bigger calculator!”

 

(Source: Parman R. Green, MU Extension Ag Business Mgmt. Specialist)

                           


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Plan to Minimize Losses from Soybean Diseases

 

Phytophthora root rot, soybean cyst nematode (SCN) and sudden death syndrome (SDS) are generally considered by both producers and agri-business as the most difficult to control and consistently yield loss causing soybean diseases. All three diseases are caused by pathogens in the soil, are found in all soybean producing areas of the state and are difficult to manage. Additionally, management options for all three rely primarily on preventative measures since effective rescue treatments are not available. These diseases were discussed in the Integrated Pest and Crop Management newsletter article “Steps to Minimize Losses from Three Important Soybean Diseases” by Dr. Laura Sweets, MU Extension Plant Pathologist.

 

Phytophthora seedling blight and root rot is more severe in low or poorly drained areas, whether it is due to soil type (clay) or compaction.

 

Management options include:

 

1. Select varieties with either race-specific resistance, tolerance or a combination of  race-specific resistance and tolerance especially for fields with a history of this disease.

2. Plant in good seedbed conditions.

3. Tile to improve drainage and reduce or prevent compaction.

4. Avoid the application of high levels of manure or fertilizer (KCL) just prior to planting.

5. Use an appropriate fungicide treatment.

 

Soybean cyst nematode is a serious problem throughout Missouri. Symptoms may range from no obvious, subtle, to dead plants. Symptoms may be more severe if plants are stressed. Anything that moves             cyst-infested soil can spread SCN. Once in a field, it may take years to build up nematode populations, but they will probably be there forever.  

 

Management tools for SCN:

 

1. Soil sample to identify problems and determine extent and severity.

2. Select resistant varieties.

3. Rotate sources of resistance.

4. Rotate to non-host crop

5. Maintain good plant health.

6. Maintain good weed control.

7. Avoid spreading SCN from field to field on machinery.

8. Several nematicides are labeled for use but, economic and environmental concerns limit their use.

 

Sudden death syndrome is primarily a problem in river bottom fields in the central and eastern portions of Missouri but is apparently present in soybean-producing areas throughout the state. SDS is associated with high yield production and is more likely to occur and be more severe with high soil moisture. Early planting fields tend to have an increased susceptibility to infection by SDS.

 

Management tools for SDS:

 

1. Select varieties that have performed well where SDS has been a problem.

2. Improve drainage in poorly drained fields and avoid compacting soils.

3. Stagger planting dates and delay planting until soils are warm and dry.

4. Rotate crops, avoid continuous soybean cropping.

5. Maintain good crop vigor and avoid crop stress,  including soybean cyst nematode.

6. Harvest fields with SDS in a timely manner.

 

(Source: Wayne Crook, MU Extension Agronomy Specialist)


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Beef AI Just Got Easier

Central Missouri cow/calf producers interested in using artificial insemination (AI) and estrus  synchronization to increase genetic quality and consistency in their herds now have access to tool and facilities to help. Through grant funding a single stall artificial insemination barn is now available to cow/calf producers in the central Missouri region. The cost is $25.00 per day which will cover maintenance and upkeep on the barn.

The AI barn keeps cattle quieter during the insemination process, making the insemination process safer and quicker for the inseminator as well. The dark environment the barn provides the cattle makes them easier to handle and inseminate along with providing an indoor environment for the inseminator to work in.

 

Extension livestock specialists can also assist producers in setting up a synchronization calendar utilizing a planning tool from the Iowa Beef Center. The Estrus Sync software helps producers select the most appropriate synchronization protocol for their management and schedule the steps necessary for the protocol to be effective.
 

To use the Central Missouri AI barn:
Contact your local livestock specialist or the Callaway County Extension Center at 573-642-0755.
The charge to use the barn is $25 per day of use.
The barn is located at the Boone County Extension Center.
To pull the barn, a half-ton pickup with a receiver hitch is required. A drop hitch is provided.
 

(Source: Mark Stewart, MU Extension Livestock Specialist)
 


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2009 Corn Flea Beetle Predictions for Missouri

 

The corn flea beetle is a pest where the relative numbers can be predicted. Other pests like black cutworm and European corn borer predictions are made on the dates of occurrence. Then field scouting is used to determine their numbers and potential for damage.

 

Still, there is no good substitute for field crop scouting to see what insects are damaging the crop. Predications are made only as a management guide to suggest when to scout for certain pests.

 

All pests need to be scouted to see their actual damage potential. The relative numbers predicted for flea beetles gives the relative urgency to scout.

 

To make flea beetle infestation predictions, the winter average is determined by cumulative totals of the average daily temperature for the months of December, January, and February. Missouri’s variable weather has a way of spoiling insect predictions as seen in 2003 and 2005. Those years, central and northern regions had significant flea beetle infestations where average winter temperatures suggested their numbers should have been variable to low.

 

Adult corn flea beetles overwinter in grassy areas. When winter temperatures average significantly lower than freezing (average temperature below 30oF/ month or the 3 month cumulative winter average of less than 90o F), poor flea beetle survival is indicated and few early season flea beetle problems should occur. High flea beetle numbers and damage are most likely to occur following a warm winter (averages above 33oF per month or warmer than a 100 F combined winter temperatures).

 

When extended cool wet spring weather slows corn seedling growth is combined with higher flea beetle numbers, feeding damage on the seedling corn leaves can accumulate. Typical flea beetle damage is a silvering and even death of the leaves. The economic threshold for flea beetles attacking seedling corn is 5 or more per plant with significant feeding when the plants are under cool weather stress. Central Missouri may have moderate flea beetle infestations this spring during the time field corn is emerging.

 

An additional factor is the temperature during and just after corn emergence. If warm weather continues from emergence through the early growth stages, even high flea beetle numbers are unlikely to cause economic damage. Rapid early growth outpaces the feeding damage caused by corn flea beetles.

 

Even if your area is not expected to have high flea beetle numbers, it is a good idea to scout seedling corn for early insect, disease and weed problems. If you don’t look, you won’t know.

 

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Table 1. The sums of average monthly Fahrenheit (F) temperatures for December 2008, January and February 2009 are used to predict flea beetle survival in Missouri. The University Missouri Commercial Agriculture Automated Weather Station Network on the Agricultural Electronic Bulletin Board (AgEBB) provided average Fahrenheit temperatures.

Central Missouri Region Locations Info.                       (Dec-Jan-Feb)

Sum of average winter temperatures

Central Missouri Region Average Temperatures                                                         91.77o F
Audrain County, 6 miles northwest of Auxvasse                                                           91.10o F
Audrain County, Vandalia – VanFar R-1 High School                                                 89.60o F
Boone County, Jefferson Farm and Gardens                                                               94.20o F
Boone County, South Farms                                                                                           90.60o F
Boone County, Sanborn Field                                                                                         96.90o F
Chariton County, 4 miles west of Brunswick                                                                 98.60o F
Monroe County, Monroe City (Monroe City Airport)                                                     85.60o F
Morgan County, Versailles R-II Outdoor Classroom                                                  100.00o F
Pettis County, Green Ridge R-VIII School District                                                        95.90o F
Check the average winter temperature near your location.
Average daily winter temperatures are used to estimate the likelihood of flea beetle survival. If the combined monthly average is less than 90o F, then it is likely few flea beetles have survived. Average temperatures between 90o F and 100o F suggest injury from flea beetle is possible. When these temperatures are above 100o F, flea beetle survival is good and damage is likely.
 
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(Source: Jim Jarman, MU Extension Agronomy Specialist)

 


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Century Farm Applications and NEW Replacement Signs

The Century Farm program began in 1976 as part of the bicentennial celebration and was called the Centennial Farm project. In 1986, the college of agriculture began a yearly application process in which over 100 family farms have been honored each year. Beginning last year in 2008, the Missouri Farm Bureau became a co-sponsor of the program.

Applications are currently being accepted for the 2009 Century Farm program and can be picked up at your county extension office or downloaded from the Century Farm web site. http://extension.missouri.edu/centuryfarm/index.html

Families who have participated in the Century Farm program in the past have the opportunity to get a metal replacement sign if they need one. The older plastic signs, with the old logo, are available for $18 per sign for as long as the supply lasts. The new metal, two sided signs are available for $26 for the first sign and $55 for additional signs. The new signs will not be available again until August, 2009. An order form for the replacement signs is available from the web site listed above.

Older Plastic                                                                                             New Metal

 

 

 

 

 



University of Missouri ExtensionAg Connection - Ag Connection Newsletter, April 2009