||This Month in Ag Connection|
The recent terrorist attacks have threatened our freedoms and caused nationwide safety concerns. Bioterrorism in agricultural is termed agroterrorism and involves the act of any person knowingly or maliciously using biological agents as weapons against the agricultural industry and the food supply. Prior to the events of September 11, 2001, the two most common motives for agroterrorism were profit and the anti-GMO (genetically modified organism) motive. Biosecurity, a long-standing animal husbandry practice, helps prevent the introduction and spread of disease and it is now a tool to combat agroterrorism. At the local level, communities should identify a coalition of local officials, such as law enforcement, emergency management, University Outreach and Extension, American Red Cross, and other leaders to address and respond to local disasters.
Types of Bioterrorism Agents:
Toward Processing Plants:
People concerned with potential agroterrorism should take steps to be informed. The USDA, Federal Emergency Management Agency, and Land Grant University, including Extension can be excellent sources of objective information.
Important web links for further information on Biosecurities.
(Author: Todd Lorenz, Horticulture/Agronomy Specialist)
Agriculture -- A Global MarketIn 2001, U.S. Agriculture exports totaled over $54 billion generating more than $15 billion in trade surplus. The most widely known exporters are large grain companies and meat processors. However, smaller exporters have specialty products and have successfully marketed globally.
There are opportunities in Missouri for exporting. Some reasons for considering global marketing include:
There are precautions as well:
In Missouri, the Department of Agriculture, Department of Economic Development, Missouri Value Added Development Center, and University Outreach & Extension Ag Business Counselors have resources and information available about global marketing. Additionally, there are private exporting companies who can assist in marketing products.
University Outreach & Extension in Central Missouri is offering a short-course, Looking Beyond Our Borders, for persons interested in learning more about agriculture in the global market. If you have interest in participating in the two session short-course, contact: Mary Sobba, Audrain Co. Ext. Center, 573/581-3231; Mark Stewart, Callaway Co. Ext. Center, 573/642-0755; or Don Day, Boone Co. Ext. Center, 573/445-9792, ext. 310.
(Author: Mary Sobba, Farm Management Specialist)
Winter SupplementationAs spring calving cows move from second to third period they will probably need supplemental energy, especially first calf heifers. This year I recommend whole shelled corn because of cost. You will lose forage digestibility when corn is fed above 0.25% body weight but so what, this year corn is cheap, Due to rumen function, once you get past 0.5% of body weight, you need to jump up to 1% of the body weight - converting the ration from a cellulose based diet to a starch based ration. Energy from corn is a lot cheaper than hay this year. Soybean hulls, corn gluten feed, and distillers grains are all excellent sources of energy as well. For a comparison of the energy value of corn vs. hay click here.
Hand feeding takes more labor and facilities but it provides better control of intake and it will save feed cost. Energy supplements can be delivered every other day, but daily supplementation is preferred. Salt mixes sometimes work to limit intake and sometimes they dont. A word of caution with salt mixes, dont let the feeder run out. If you do and cattle are hungry when it gets filled again, salt will not hold intake, which can cause some problems if feeding a heavy starch supplement.
If protein is deficient, correcting it must take top priority. Many people use some sort of tub with a built in limiter. There are some advantages from a labor standpoint and they do tend to supply a steady supply of ammonia to forage digesting bacteria but cost is always a concern. Economical protein options may include soybean meal, cottonseed meal, corn distillers grains, soybean hulls, and corn gluten. Recently, cottonseed meal has been a good option in terms of cost. On-farm storage facilities that will allow you to store bulk let you take advantage of good market buys and help reduce cost.
Test your hay. The money you spend on a hay test will more than be returned in feed cost savings and improved animal performance. Your regional livestock specialist can help you evaluate your feeding program.
(Author: James Rogers, Livestock Specialist)
This credit is available to individuals 18 years of age or older, other than individuals who are full-time students or are claimed as a dependent by another taxpayer. The maximum annual retirement contribution eligible for this savers credit is $2,000 ($4,000 on a joint return).
The credit rate is based on the taxpayers adjusted gross income for the taxable year for which the credit is claimed.
Provision for the savers credit is contained in Section 25B of the Internal Revenue Code. IRS Announcement 2001-106 provides a good explanation of the credit.
(Author: Parman R. Green, Farm Business Management Specialist)
Central Region AgriExpo
Put your idea into action! Interact and learn from producers, business professionals, and university specialists who have been involved with value added ventures. This years AgriExpo will include workshops on financing, business plans, direct marketing, one-on-one sessions with Agricultural Business Counselors, and much more.
Attention Beef ProducersIf you are interested in participating in the Show Me Select Heifer Development program, you need to indicate that interest to your local Livestock Specialist by February 1, 2002. Enrolling does not obligate you to sell, but does indicate your interest. For more information, contact your local Livestock Specialist or click here to visit web site.
Ag Connection - Ag Connection Newsletter, January 2002